Sleep is very important to a child's wellbeing. A lack of sleep can cause a child to become hyperactive and disagreeable, and have extremes in behaviour.
Here are some approximate numbers based on age, as recommended by the Millpond Children’s Sleep Clinic:
- 3 to 4 months old: daytime: 4 - 5 hours; night time: 10 hours
- 6-9 months old: daytime: 2.5 - 4 hours; night time: 10-12 hours
- 12-18 months: daytime: 2.5 hours; night time: 11.5 hours
- 2 -3 years: daytime: 1.25 hours; night time: 11-12 hours
- 4 -5 years: night time: 11.5 hours.
Yes. At least one member of staff on duty MUST hold a full paediatric First Aid at Work certificate in the nursery and when on outings.
Therefore if only one member of staff is completing the school run they will need to be first aid trained – it is recommended that all staff complete first aid training. All trained first aiders should be listed in the first aid policy and all staff should be aware of who they are Regulation states that all employers should make an assessment of their first aid needs based on the hazards and risks involved in their work.
First aid can, and does, save lives and your level of provision should be “adequate and appropriate” to your circumstances.
To decide what is adequate and appropriate for you, you should think about things like the nature of your work and how hazardous it is, the nature of your workforce and if you have staff with pre-known medical conditions, the size of your organisation, and the needs of travelling, lone or remote workers.
Children will always have sun cream applied before going outside in the hot weather and at frequent intervals during the day.
Key persons will work with the parents of their key children to decide and agree on suitable precautions to protect children from burning, including those with more sensitive skin types and those that may be more tolerant to the sunshine, e.g. black and/or Asian colouring
Children should not be outside between 11:00am and 3:00pm as this is when sun is at its highest. Staff will make day-to-day decisions about the length of time spent outside depending on the strength of the sun; children will not be allowed in the direct sunlight between 11.00am – 3.00pm on hot days. All children must wear a hat and loose fitting clothing.
Have areas where they can be in the shade (crucially babies). Shade will be provided to ensure children are able to still go out in hot weather, cool down or escape the sun should they wish or need to.
Drinks must be provided at all times Children are made aware of the need for sun hats, sun cream and the need to drink more fluids during their time in the sun
Each child must have their own sun cream clearly labelled and a consent form must be completed by the parent prior to application.